[CT Birds] Comment on Robins - Part III

Stephen Broker ls.broker at cox.net
Tue Jan 19 15:13:09 EST 2016

What Do American Robins Eat in Fall and Winter?

The list of plant species eaten by robins is taken from Wheelwright, Nathaniel T. The Diet of American Robins:  An Analysis of U.S. Biological Survey Records. The Auk 103:710-725. October 1986.  Page references are from Dowhan, Joseph J. 1979. Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Connecticut. State Geological & Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Report of Investigations No.8.  Additional information is from Newcomb, Lawrence. 1977. Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide.  No effort is made to indicate ripening time of the fruits/berries eaten by robins.

Cypress Family Juniperus (Pasture Juniper, Redcedar) (p7) green to greenish white to whitish blue to bluish berrylike cone

Lily Family Smilax (Greenbrier, Catbrier) (p38) blue-black berries

Bayberry Family Myrica (Sweet Gale, Bayberry) (p45) greenish fruit (drupe)

Elm Family Celtis (Hackberry) (p47) dark red to purple fruit (spherical drupe)

Mulberry Family Morus (White Mulberry, Red Mulberry) (p48) red to dark purple or black fruit

Pokeweed Family Phytolacca (Pokeweed, Pokeberry) (p55) dark purple berries

Barberry Family Berberis (Japanese Barberry) (p62) bright red berries

Moonseed Family Menispermum (Moonseed) (p62) black fruit

Laurel Family Lindera (Spicebush) (p63) bright red fruit

            Sassafras (White Sassafras) (p63) dark blue fruit (drupe)

Saxifrage Family Ribes (Currant, Gooseberry) (p70) green, black berries

Rose Family Amelanchier (Shadbush, Service-berry) (p71) black/purplish fruit

            Crataegus (Hawthorne) (p72) red or yellow fruit

            Duchesnia (Indian Strawberry) (p74) red fruit

            Fragaria (Strawberry) (p74) red fruit

            Prunus (Black Cherry, Choke-Cherry, Pin-Cherry, Sour Cherry, Beach-Plum) (p76) purple, purple-black, red to yellow fruits

            Pyrus (Apple, Crab-Apple) (p76) red, purple-black, blacks fruits

            [Rosa (Multiflora Rose reddish to purple hips - invasive]

            Rubus (Bramble, Blackberry, Raspberry, Dewberry) (p77) black, red, reddish to black fruits

            Sorbus (Mountain-Ash) (p78) green to orange or scarlet fruit

            Rhus (Poison Sumac, Poison Ivy) (p86) gray or whitish fruit

Holly Family Ilex (American Holly, Inkberry, Winterberry) (p87) bright red, orange, or yellow “berry”, a drupe

            Nemopanthus (Mountain-Holly) (p87) red fruit

Staff-tree Family Celastrus (Asiatic Bittersweet) (p87) scarlet fruit

            Euonymous (Burning Bush, Spindle-tree) (p87) red fruit in pink, orange, or yellow capsule 

Buckthorn Family Rhamnus (Buckthorn) (p89) black fruit

Grape Family Parthenocissus (Virginia Creeper) (p89) blue fruit 

            Vitis (Fox-Grape, New England Grape) (p89) purplish fruit

 Oleaster Family Elaeagnus (Russian Olive, Autumn Olive) (p95) orange-red or red fruit (drupe)

 Sour Gum Family Nyssa (Black Tupelo/Black Gum/Pepperidge) (p95) green changing to dark blue fruit (drupe)

 Dogwood Family Cornus (Flowering Dogwood, Bunchberry, Red Osier) (p100) red fruit

 Heath Family Gaylussacia (Black Huckleberry) (p102) black or bluish fruit

            Vaccinium (Deerberry, (Blueberry, Cranberry) (p103) black or bluish fruit

Ebony Family Diospyros (Persimmon) (p105) orange-yellow fruit  

Nightshade Family Solanum (European Bittersweet, Black Nightshade) (p116) black, red berries

Madder Family Mitchella (Partridge-berry) (p124) scarlet berry

Honeysuckle Family Lonicera (Japanese Honeysuckle) (p124) black berry

            Sambucus (Common Elderberry) (p125) purplish-black fruit

            Symphoricarpos (Snowberry) (p125) coral-pink or purple berry

            Viburnum (Arrow-wood, Maple-leaved Viburnum, Nannyberry) (p125) bluish-black or red to purple fruit

Steve Broker, Cheshire (prepared January 18, 2016)

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